All about Egypt Desert: Geography and Tourism in Egypt


Tourism is one of the leading sources of income for Egyptians and almost 14.7 million tourists visit Egypt desert every year. According to the Egyptian Tourist Authority, tourism generates $11 billion in the last year.

Egypt is predominating deserted area where only -3.5% of the total land is cultivated and permanently settled to live. Most of the Egypt desert lies within the wide band of arid desert.

The people of ancient Egypt divided their country into two main major types of Egypt desert one of that “The Black Land” a place connected with Nile River bank and the most fertile part of the country where as the secondary is “The Red Land” this place consist on barreled part of the deserted sites of Egypt and protects Egypt desert from both sides.

But if we talk about the geological effects or surveys of Egypt desert we could see they produce four major physical regions of Egypt:

  • Western desert
  • Eastern desert
  • Nile Valley and Nile Delta
  • Sinai Peninsula

Western Desert

These first two geological regions (western and eastern desert) separated Egypt desert into two parts by Nile River which flows from Sudan and walk through the whole Egypt then falls into Mediterranean Sea south to the Sudan border. Western Egypt desert comprised of 700,000km consist on various sand’s dunes, mountainous plateau and valleys. It is counted the two third part of the Egypt’s total area.

Yet the western part of the Egypt desert far for more offer the just sandy part. There are  five oasis can be visited in this area:

  • 1)   Bahariya oasis
    2)   Farafra oasis
    3)   Dakhla oasis
    4)   Kharga oasis
    5)   Siwa oasis


These five oases enhance the beauty with its tremendous greenery and lakes. They also formed a safety line in defense of Libyan tribes. These oases are also paying a major part in decreasing the pollution and noise of the city and exchange the weekend in peaceful and quiet atmosphere.

Eastern Desert

Eastern Egypt Desert also called the Arabian Desert, consist on the various Nile valleys extended towards south of the red sea. Eastern Egypt desert consist on more than 20% of the Egyptian area with just few villages along it. It’s not just the arid as the western desert but also having much oil and giant mountains.

Nile Valley and Nile Delta

The most extensive oases on the earth along side the world’s second longest river Nile. Nile oases are created by Nile River along side the oasis or Nile valley. It is the most fertile land of the Egypt, only created by the floods. When the flood went down, it left the rich thick black mud that is excellent to grow crops or plant with different seeds.

Nile delta is formed by the spreading branches of Nile River in a V-shape. When the Nile River flows down from the Upper Egypt its branches spread towards the Lower Egypt towards the Mediterian Sea and the delta begins of Cairo in north.

Sinai Desert

This is the part of Sinai Peninsula which is situated at the northeastern side of Egypt. It is basically an arid peninsula that is featured flat and rolling plains towards the north of Egypt and more mountains towards the southern part of the country. Sinai desert is another part of Blue desert. Blue desert named by its unique blue painted stones (painted by an artist in 1980 for a peaceful symbol), few of which rising some feet high from the ground place.

Are you looking for the best places in Egypt desert for this holiday?

Pyramids of Giza

Pyramids of Giza built to endure the eternity of their kings and pharaohs. It is widely believed by ancient Egyptian Pharaohs that they will be the god’s afterlife. For this purpose they erected their tombs, palaces and pyramids and mummification is also one of the parts of this history.

The first pyramid__ project establishes in circa 2550BC by the Pharaoh Khufu that is the largest pyramid in Giza.

The second pyramid__ built in circa 2520BC by his son Pharaoh Khafre. His necropolis also includes the mysterious monument of Pharaoh’s head and the body of line. It also has a sphinx with it.

The third__ oldest pyramid of Giza is built by Pharaoh Menkaure in circa 2490BC. It is considerably smaller then first two pyramids but is more complex in its mortuary temple.

Each pyramid built on the basis of more complex, larger, having palace, temples and other features including solar boats for security purposes.

Luxor karnak temple and valley of the kings

Luxor is a city that is located at the bank of the Nile River, situated at the ancient site of Thebes. This place is at the highest place, having a immerse quantity of ancient temples and was been the capital of Pharaohs in the 16th to 11th centuries BC.  Now this ancient lubricant Pharaoh’s place is surrounds with 2 main surviving monuments:

Luxor Tample

Karnak Temple

In the western side of the Nile River bank there is situated the royal tombs of the Valley of the Kings Tomb and the Valley of the Queen’s tombs. It is the most visiting and demanding historical place for tourists.

Islamic Cairo

Islamic Cairo is also the part of central Cairo in Egypt. It is located around the old Walled City and Citadel of Cairo which is called the home of Mosques, Tombs, fortification dating from the Islamic era, mansions and hundreds of madrasas.

Egyptian Museum

World’s largest house of Egyptian artifacts collection also called the ‘Museum of Egyptian Antiquities”. This museum is the fundamental of Egyptian historical things. It was built in 1835 to save ancient artifacts and to stop widespread looting and plundering in the country. Egyptian Museum fulfilled its purpose and today it’s the home of Egyptian artifacts collection about 120,000. Although, it is considered that not all of the items are display yet.

White Desert

Farafra’s main attraction is ‘The White Desert’ also known as ‘Sahara El Beyda’. The main features are its white rocky stones colored as snow-white or creamy. It is just few miles away from the metropolis of Cairo. If you visit white desert you will feel you are in a something different world like a moon. Most of the tourist places a tent there and only a few lucky people could see the beauty of white desert’s full moon.

Siwa Oasis

Oasis basically meant by a place having water/lake in between the greenery. Siwa Oasis is famous for its amazing beauty and peaceful place. Siwa is also popular by its cultural richness and its magnificent nature. The local tour operators advise to make tour during winter months to enjoy more activities to immerse you.

The climate of Egyptian desert is arid one, there is no rain, harsh climate, no moisture and vegetation is almost non-exist. It is the best place for desert lovers, to see sand dunes, barren areas, rocky place, mountains, caves, pyramids, green and beautiful oasis must visit in winter season.


Egypt Excursions
Mr. Ahmed El-Khatib
12h / 4 Shawky Abdelmenim St. Taksem Ellasilky, Maadi, Cairo, Egypt

Telephone number ..: +20 100 101 3943
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email: [email protected]


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